Basil: The Health Benefits And Nutritional Values Of Basil


Basil. ( Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil or Saint-Joseph’s-wort, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints).


Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia. It is a tender plant, and is used in cuisines worldwide.

Depending on the species and cultivar, the leaves may taste somewhat like anise, with a strong, pungent, often sweet smell. 

Basil is a delicious culinary herb that belongs to the mint, lavender and sage family. Basil is a variation of its actual botanical name, Ocimum Basilium. There are texts and other evidence that basil has been cultivated for 5000 years and may have originated in the Hunan region of China. It is an herb that can easily be grown indoors and does not require a large amount of sunlight. This has made it easier for people around the world to grow it in their houses and reap its benefits.

The Health Benefits Of Basil.

Basil Leaves health benefits includes supporting healthy brain, managing arthritis, managing stress, slowing down aging, supporting bone health, managing epilepsy and aid metabolism. Other benefits includes relieving post menstrual syndrome, providing energy, preventing cancer and supporting eye health.

Fighting cancer.

Basil has the potentials to prevent cancer. thanks to the phytochemicals it contains, including eugenol, rosmarinic acid, apigenin, myretenal, luteolin, β-sitosterol, and carnosic acid, it helps to prevent certain types of skin, liver, oral, and lung cancers.

It increases antioxidant activities in the body, changing gene expression, triggering cell death, and slowing cell division.

this insertion is not conclusive, there is potential for basil extract to be used alongside current cancer treatments.

Anti-aging properties.

According to research presented at the British Pharmaceutical Conference (BPC) in Manchester, basil also has properties that might help prevent some of the harmful effects of aging.

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Holy basil extract was effective at killing off harmful molecules and preventing damage caused by some free radicals in the liver, brain, and heart.

The researchers, led by Dr. Vaibhav Shinde from Poona College of Pharmacy, Maharashtra, India, studied the herb for antioxidant and anti-aging properties.

Dr. Shinde said: “The study validates the traditional use of the herb as a youth-promoting substance in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. It also helps describe how the herb acts at a cellular level.

Ease inflammation and joint pain.

With basil you can be able to tackle stress, anxiety, and inflammation with a relaxing cup of tea made with the leaves of holy basil. As an adaptogen with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, holy basil provides all of these benefits. It can even help people with arthritis or fibromyalgia.

Protect your stomach.

Basil can counteract the effects of stress-induced ulcers. It naturally increases your stomach’s defense by decreasing stomach acid, increasing mucus secretion,increasing mucus cells and extending life of mucus cells. It can help protect against infection, lower your blood sugar, lower your cholesterol, ease joint pain, and protect your stomach.

Lower your blood sugar.

If you have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, all parts of the holy basil plant can help reduce your blood sugar. Animal and human trials have shown that holy basil can help prevent symptoms of diabetes such as: weight gain, hyperinsulinemia, or excess insulin in the blood, high cholesterol, insulin resistance and hypertension.

 Infections and wounds.

Extracts made from its leaves are thought to boost wound healing speed and strength. basil is: antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and analgesic (a painkiller)

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Some people even use basil after surgery to heal and protect their wounds. basil increases your wound’s breaking strength, healing time, and contraction. Breaking strength refers to how much pressure or weight a wound can take before it breaks.

Research has shown that basil may work against infections and wounds, such as:

  • mouth ulcers
  • keloids
  • raised scars
  • acne.

Nutritional Values Of Basil.

100 grams of fresh basil leaves contains astoundingly 5275 mg or 175% of daily required doses of vitamin A. Vitamin-A is known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It also required for maintaining healthy mucosa and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin-A has been found to help the human body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

Basil leaves are an excellent source of iron. Its fresh leaves carry 3.17 mg/100 g (about 26% of RDA) of iron. Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, is one of the chief determinants of oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

This’s the indepth Analysis of the nutritional valued of basil.Basil herb (Ocimum basilicum), Fresh leaves, Nutritive value per 100 g.

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 23 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 2.65 g 2%
Protein 3.15 g 6%
Total Fat 0.64 g 2%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.60 g 4%
Folates 68 µg 17%
Niacin 0.902 mg 6%
Pantothenic acid 0.209 mg 4%
Pyridoxine 0.155 mg 12%
Riboflavin 0.076 mg 6%
Thiamin 0.034 mg 2.5%
Vitamin A 5275 IU 175%
Vitamin C 18 mg 30%
Vitamin E 0.80 mg 5%
Vitamin K 414.8 µg 345%
Sodium 4 mg 0%
Potassium 295 mg 6%
Calcium 177 mg 18%
Copper 385 mg 43%
Iron 3.17 mg 40%
Magnesium 64 mg 16%
Manganese 1.15 mg 57%
Zinc 0.81 mg 7%
Carotene-ß 3142 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 46 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 5650 µg


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