The Health Benefits And Nutritional Values Of Chives


Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is an edible species of the genus AlliumIts close relatives include the garlic, shallot, leek, scallion, and Chinese onion.

Chives health benefits nutritional values includes improving heart health, promoting good skin, promoting healthy hair, helps improve eye vision, act as a detoxifying agent, help prevent cancer, helps promote health bones. Other benefits includes improving digestion, preventing birth defects, improving sleep quality and boosting immune system.

Chives are a commonly used herbs and can be found in grocery stores or grown in home gardens. In culinary use, the scapes and the unopened, immature flower buds are diced and used as an ingredient for fish, potatoes, soups, and other dishes. The edible flowers can be used in salads.

Understanding what Chives is.

Chives are small, bulb forming plants closely resembling the appearance of shallots to an unexperienced eye. In ancient times, people called them “rush leeks” and used them for decoration, to ward off evil and in fortune telling. The scientific name for Chives is Allium schoenoprasum. Chives may have originated in China, Siberia or Greece and are generally native to Europe, but Today, Chives sell in grocery stores and can be found freely in virtually all parts of the world. Top chefs use them as delicacies or as attractive garnishes, while others use them as herbs for therapeutic purposes. The healing value of this plant will make you want you take a second look at it and use more in your cooking as well.

The Nutritional values Of Chives.

Chives are very low in calories; 100 g of fresh leaves provide just 30 calories. Nonetheless, they contain many unique flavonoid anti-oxidants, plant fiber, minerals, and vitamins that have proven health benefits and nutritional values.

As in scallions, they too contain more plant-derived dietary fiber than fellow allium members such as onions, shallots, leeks, etc. 100 g fresh leaves provide 2.5 g or 7% of daily recommended levels of fiber.

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Just like in other allium members, chives too possess thiosulfonates antioxidants. Thiosufonates such as diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, and allyl propyl disulfide convert to allicin by the enzymatic reaction when its leaves disrupted (crushing, cutting, etc.). Laboratory studies show that allicin reduces cholesterol production by inhibiting the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme in the liver cells. Further, it also found to have antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-fungal activities.

See below for an indepth analysis of nutritional values of Chives (Allium schoenoprasum L.), Nutrient value per 100 g.

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)

Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 30 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 4.35 g 3%
Protein 3.27 g 6%
Total Fat 0.73 g 3%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 2.5 g 7%
Folates 105 µg 26%
Niacin 0.647 mg 4%
Pantothenic acid 0.324 mg 6.5%
Pyridoxine 0.138 mg 11%
Riboflavin 0.115 mg 9%
Thiamin 0.078 mg 6.5%
Vitamin A 4353 IU 145%
Vitamin C 58.1 mg 98%
Vitamin E 0.21 mg 1.5%
Vitamin K 212.7 µg 177%
Sodium 3 mg <0.5%
Potassium 296 mg 6%
Calcium 92 mg 9%
Copper 0.157 mg 17%
Iron 1.60 mg 20%
Magnesium 42 mg 10.5%
Manganese 0.373 mg 16%
Phosphorus 58 mg 8%
Selenium 0.9 µg 2%
Zinc 0.56 mg 5%
Carotene-ß 2612 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 0 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 323 µg


The Health Benefits Of Chives.

 Improve Heart Health

Chives promotes cardiovascular health and prevents heart diseases. Chives prevent calcification of arteries and formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The daily intake of allicin present in the plant’s leaves reduce the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the body while also regulating the quantity of beneficial cholesterol (HDL) within the body. Thanks to Allicin, the flow of blood from the heart to other organs in the body is regulated and optimized in many ways.

Chives also contain potassium, which helps in preventing heart-related problems such as heart failure, heart attacks and High Blood Pressure, and also decreases blood vessel stiffness. Potassium lowers blood pressure by enhancing the enlargement of blood vessels, reducing the resistance to blood flow and is overall a great contributor to circulatory health.

Promote Healthy Skin 

The skin is an important organ that should be protected that’s Chives which contains beta-carotene helps to ensure that the skin is spotless and smooth, as it also helps to clear up the appearance of acne. They also contain vitamin C and Vitamin E, which are antioxidants that buffer free radical damage initiated by the sun. Vitamin C also improves the elasticity of the skin so blood supply is improved, and wound healing accelerated, thanks to increased collagen synthesis.

Promote Healthy Hair

Chive juice is effective in enhancing hair growth, preventing the unnecessary loss of hair as it is rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, germanium and flavonoids. It helps to improve the blood circulation in the scalp to boost the growth and thickness of the hair. Chives also help to reduce breaking of hair causes by dryness or compromised blood flow to the follicles.

Improve Vision

When the eyes are at their best, performance and concentration tend to improve in like manner. A healthy diet containing chives can help the eyes. Vitamin A enhances clear and sharp vision. Chives contain Vitamin A in quantities that are superior to many other vegetables belonging to the allium family, which explains why it can help promote eye health. The green leaves of chives contain flavonoid-phenolic antioxidants such as beta-Carotene, Zeaxanthin and Lutein, which work well to assist in proper vision, delay age related breakdown to the macula and preserve the health of the optic nerve.

Detoxifying Agents

Chives are excellent adjuvants to the detoxification process, as Chives use its leaves which contain diuretic and anti-oxidant properties to detoxify some harmful substance in the body. Chives also assist the liver with detoxification, and helps to reset any elevated liver enzymes. Failure of the liver to detoxify waste appropriately can lead to liver inflammation and other systemic complications that’s plants like Chives is needed with it health benefits and nutritional values to keep you healthy.

Treat Birth Defects.

Another of the essential nutrients in chives, folic acid, is essential for pregnant mothers who want to ensure the healthy development of their infant. Folic acid prevents neural tube defects in newborn infants, and chives is a rich source of folic acid for conscientious mothers.

Improve Bone Health

There is a wide range of vitamins and minerals found in chives, but one of the most important is certainly vitamin K, an essential nutrient that isn’t widely found in many common foods. Vitamin K is very important in the maintenance of bone mineral density and bone integrity. As we age, our bone mineral density begins to drop, leading to conditions like osteoporosis and exacerbating inflammatory conditions like arthritis. High levels of vitamin K, like those found in chives, can help to produce osteocalcin, which is a key part of maintaining mineral density in the bones.

Boost Immunity

Most of the attention gets thrown at the organic compounds in chives, but the traditional nutrients are important too! The high levels  of vitamin C found in chives help boost the efficacy of the immune system by stimulating the production of white blood cells and stimulating the production of collagen, which is an essential component in the creation of new blood vessels, cells, tissues, and muscles.


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