Quince Fruit Health Benefits And Nutritional Values

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Quince fruit health benefits and nutritional values include its ability to prevent cancer, aid in weight loss, has the power to improve digestive health, reduce cholesterol, and boost the immune system. It also prevents gastrointestinal diseases, soothes inflammation, improves the health of your skin, decreases blood pressure, prevents allergic reactions, and stimulates circulation in the cardiovascular system.

What Is Quince?

Quince Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydonia in the family Rosaceae (which also contains apples and pears, among other fruits). It is a deciduous tree that bears a pome fruit, similar in appearance to a pear, and bright golden-yellow when mature. Throughout history the cooked fruit has been used as food, but the tree is also grown for its attractive pale pink blossoms and other ornamental qualities.

Quinces are appreciated for their intense aroma and flavor. However, most varieties of quince are too hard and tart to be eaten raw; even ripe fruits should be subjected to bletting by frost or decay to be suitable for consumption. However, they may be cooked or roasted and used for jams, marmalade, jellies, or pudding.

Some varieties of quince, such as ‘Aromatnaya’ and ‘Kuganskaya’ do not require cooking and can be eaten raw.However, most varieties of quince are too hard, astringent and sour to eat raw unless “bletted” (softened by frost and subsequent decay).High in pectin, they are used to make jam, jelly and quince pudding, or they may be peeled, then roasted, baked or stewed; pectin levels diminish as the fruit ripens.

The flesh of the fruit turns red after a long cooking with sugar by formation of anthocyanins. The very strong perfume means they can be added in small quantities to apple pies and jam to enhance the flavor. Adding a diced quince to apple sauce will enhance the taste of the apple sauce with the chunks of relatively firm, tart quince. The term “marmalade”, originally meaning a quince jam, derives from marmelo, the Portuguese word for this fruit.   

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Quince Nutritional Values.

Quince is a rich source of vitamin C, zinc, potassium, copper, iron, and dietary fiber. It is also rich in certain nutritve compounds like catechinepicatechinlimonene, and various other phytonutrients, all of which contribute to the health benefits and nutritional values of quince.

See the table below for an in-depth analysis of the nutritional values of Quince fruit (Cydonia oblonga). Fresh,
Nutritive value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 57 Kcal 3%
Carbohydrates 13.81 g 11%
Protein 0.40 g <1%
Total Fat 0.10 g 0.5%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 1.9 g 4%
Vitamins
Folates 3 µg 1%
Niacin 0.200 mg 1%
Pantothenic acid 0.081 mg 1.5%
Pyridoxine 0.040 mg 3%
Riboflavin 0.030 mg 2%
Thiamin 0.020 mg 2%
Vitamin A 40 IU 1%
Vitamin C 15 mg 25%
Vitamin E 0.12 mg 1%
Vitamin K 4.5 µg 4%
Electrolytes
Sodium 1 mg 0%
Potassium 119 mg 2.5%
Minerals
Calcium 11 mg 1%
Copper 0.130 mg 14%
Iron 0.70 mg 9%
Magnesium 8 mg 2%
Phosphorus 11 mg 2%
Selenium 0.6 µg 1%
Zinc 0.04 mg <1%

 

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Quince Health Benefits.

Cancer Prevention:

Cancer is one of the most frequently discussed diseases in recent history. Therefore, anything that can reduce the chances of developing cancer commonly becomes quite popular. Quince consists of high level of antioxidants, like phenolic and phytonutrient compounds which is quite effective in neutralizing as well as eliminating free radicals in the body. Free radicals are actually the dangerous byproducts of cellular metabolism than may cause healthy cells to mutate or die. The antioxidant compounds present in quince have been directly associated to reduce chances of developing various types of cancer.

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Blood Pressure:

Potassium is one of the most important minerals present in quince which is essential for maintaining blood pressure and facilitating effective fluid transfer in the body’s cells. Potassium causes the blood vessels and arteries to relax, thereby decreasing the strain on the cardiovascular system. This will help to decrease the chances of developing conditions like atherosclerosis, which can lower your risk for coronary heart diseases, heart attacks, and strokes.

Anti-inflammatory Properties:

Ripe quince fruit is actually a wonderful source of Vitamin C, contributing nearly 25% of the suggested daily allowance (RDA). Vitamin C helps to boost immunity and aids in the treatment of inflammatory conditions. It also possesses anti-allergenic properties and can also be used in the preparation of food products for allergy sufferers.

Weight Loss:

Improving your digestion is one of the best ways to keep your weight down and guarantee a speedy metabolism that will keep your system optimal. As other fruits quince is also high in dietary fiber, but the significant levels mean that your gastrointestinal system works more efficiently and regularly. You will have more energy and keep your excess waste weight down by improving your digestive health.

Gastrointestinal Diseases:

Beyond the general functioning of the digestive tract that dietary fiber facilitates, it can also help prevent certain gastrointestinal conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), various cancers, or diverticulitis. The catechin and epicatechin contained in the fiber will bind with certain cancer-causing toxins that are found in the colon, thereby protecting the mucous membrane of this important organ system.

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Skin Health:

The high level of antioxidants and vitamins found in quince are very beneficial for keeping your skin healthy and young. Antioxidants eliminate the damage that free radicals cause to skin cells, thereby reducing the appearance of wrinkles, eliminating blemishes, and helping to defend your skin against the effects of UV radiation.

Treats Eye And Liver Diseases:

Frequent consumption of quince has proven beneficial for those experiencing liver trouble and eye issues. In China, quince seeds are boiled and soaked and are then used to make jelly for soothing eye conditions, inflammation, and sore throats.

Allergic Reactions:

Quince has long been praised for its ability to control allergic reactions. When applied as a salve or gel on the skin, it can benefit atopic dermatitis and similar skin conditions. The high levels of vitamin C also help to control inflammation and improve the health and appearance of your skin.

Boosts Immunity:

As mentioned earlier, quince has a huge amount of antioxidants, but other vitamins, such as vitamin C and E also boost the immune system in various ways. For example, vitamin C stimulates the immune system to increase the supply of white blood cells, which are the body’s first line of defense against pathogensviruses, and bacteria.

Treats Ulcers:

Phenolics present in Chinese quince are effective in relieving gastric ulcers. Quince juice is beneficial for people suffering from gastric ulcers. It also helps in the treatment of peptic ulcers as it calms the gastrointestinal tract.

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