The functions of amino acids are to build protein and proteins are life-sustaining macronutrients which supports Growth, repair, and maintainance of all cells dependant on them.
Next to water protein make up of the greatest portion of our body weight. 20 amino acid are needed to build protein essentials for the growth, repair and maintainance of bodily tissues.
These Amino acids are broken into two categories – essential and non-essential amino acids. Essential amino acids are those compounds that the body cannot produce by itself, meaning that you can only access them from food sources or supplements. Non-essential amino acids can be produced by the body, primarily in the liver, although they are also found in certain food sources.
The essential amino acids are phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine,isoleucine, lysine, and histidine. These ones are considered non-essential, alanine, aspartic acid, asparagine, glutamic acid and serine.
The semi-essential: arginine, glycine, glutamine, proline, and tyrosine.
The amino acids when taken up into the human body from the diet, the 20 standard amino acids either are used to synthesize proteins and other biomolecules or are oxidized to urea and carbon dioxide as a source of energy.
Of the 20 standard amino acids, nine (His, Ile, Leu, Lys, Met, Phe, Thr, Trp and Val) are called essential amino acids because the human body cannot synthesize them from other compounds at the level needed for normal growth, so they must be obtained from food.
If you lack any of the essential amino acids, it will be difficult for your body to achieve normal protein synthesis, which can have a number of adverse effects on your body and entire health system.
The Functions And Benefits of essential Amino Acid.
The functions of amino acids supplements include eliminating fatigue, increasing fat loss, boosting cognitive function, lowering inflammation, speeding up muscle growth, extending endurance, and supporting repair processes in the body system.
Most of the anti-inflammatory properties of amino acid supplements come from BCAAs – leucine, isoleucine, and valine. These can help reduce inflammation in muscles and joints, which allows longer and more productive workouts, but it can be helpful for non-athletes as well. Ensuring that you have enough BCAAs will help prevent the inflammation associated with arthritis, diabetes, liver conditions, and other common conditions.
As you perform physical activities or simply go about your day, you expend energy, which your body needs to replenish. When our body depletes our glycogen stores, it becomes exhausted, leading to that craving for an afternoon nap. However, research has shown that a boost in BCAAs and other amino acids throughout the day helps your body store glycogen more effectively and use it at a slower rate, meaning that you have more endurance for your day, whether you are exercising or not!
Improve Muscle Growth
Perhaps most importantly for people who regularly use amino acid supplements is their effect on muscle growth. Leucine and the other two BCAAs are closely connected with stimulating protein synthesis following a workout, as your muscles will have an ample supply of new resources to boost muscle growth. Interestingly enough, studies show that amino acid supplements can even improve muscle growth in areas of the body that aren’t being worked out!
Speed up Healing.
Proteins are critical compounds in every area of our body, which lead to the growth and development of our muscle, tissue, cells, hair, and nails. Protein is also essential for repair and recovery. Therefore, following an injury, illness, surgery or intense workout, a boost from amino acid supplements is extremely valuable, as it can speed up protein synthesis, and, therefore, the rate of healing in the body.
L-arginine functions as the precursor to nitric oxide, a compound that regulates blood-vessel flexibility. Increased flexibility is good for the cardiovascular system, and some research indicates that this amino acid can lower blood pressure. Men also need healthy blood-vessel tone for erections, and arginine may help men with erectile dysfunction, as well. Some research has also found that a combination of arginine and the herb yohimbe might increase blood flow to the vagina, which can increase arousal and help women achieve orgasm
The preferred form of the amino acid cysteine, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an essential building block of glutathione, the body’s principal antioxidant. An Italian study found that NAC supplements greatly reduced flu symptoms among seniors. Its side benefits include supporting the liver’s detox efforts and lung function.